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Gunpowder has been used in various applications throughout the course of history, but did you know that this ancient substance actually got its start in ninth century China?

The world’s first explosive substance was not originally intended to be used in weaponry. Its discovery by Chinese alchemists was somewhat accidental, and yet it had a huge impact on the course of human history, as weapons that used gunpowder began to be used throughout the world.

Read on as we unpack the intriguing history of this unique substance, its applications, and its impact on human history.

Gunpowder

Use of Gunpowder in China

During the late Tang dynasty, the Chinese developed early gunpowder as a pill that they thought would keep a person living forever. As they worked to improve the formula, they eventually stumbled upon the invention of gunpowder. At first, they used this invention to make fireworks during important events. Soon they discovered the military applications of this substance.

Chinese Alchemists Perfect the Formula of Chinese Gunpowder

The earliest gunpowder formula dates back to the Song dynasty. Potassium nitrate and sulphur were the two main ingredients in ancient Chinese gunpowder. These two substances had the ability to ignite at the same time. The two substances were experimented with by Chinese alchemists until the formula for gunpowder technology was uncovered.

The original formula that the Chinese used was charcoal, sulphur, and potassium nitrate. The formula also contained the toxic substances of arsenic and mercury, making the Chinese the first to dabble in chemical warfare.

History of Gunpowder Weapons Throughout the World

Once the Chinese formula for explosive gunpowder was perfected and it was put to use in military weaponry, its use began to spread throughout other countries around the world. Weapons that used gunpowder were used in the Middle East, India, and throughout western Europe.

As the usage spread, the formula began to experience some refinements that made it what it is today, which is still quite similar to the original formula.

Chinese Gunpowder Weapons

With the invention of gunpowder came many applications when it came to weaponry. It was used to fire cannons and fire arrows. They also invented flame throwers, which operated by packing gunpowder into bamboo tubes and lighting them up in battle.

Another Chinese application that came along with the invention of gunpowder was the early rocket. Rockets are said to have had their beginnings around the time of the Song dynasty. Little is known about when exactly the rocket originated, but the early gunpowder formulas were not sufficient to propel a rocket, so it was probably not until at least the 12th century that these were invented.

FAQs

What was the impact of gunpowder on European warfare?

Gunpowder had a profound impact on life in Europe. It changed the emphasis of warfare from the cavalry to one of siege and field artillery, which brought on the decline of the feudal system. The firepower that Europe possessed also made them a leader in colonization. Europe’s use of gunpowder had a huge impact on the course of world history.

When was the first use of gunpowder in the Middle Ages?

After the use of gunpowder spread to India, it spread to the Middle East around 1240 to 1280.

Did ancient China have guns?

The ancient Chinese hand cannon is typically considered the first gun to have been formed. The concept has existed since the 12th century.

Sources

http://www.stdaily.com/English/Service/2022-01/06/content_1244356.shtml

https://www.taiwanese-secrets.com/ancient-chinese-gunpowder/

https://www.thoughtco.com/invention-of-gunpowder-195160

https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/invention-gunpowder-and-its-introduction-europe

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand_cannon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_gunpowder

http://apworldhistory2012-2013.weebly.com/movement-of-gunpowder-from-east-to-west.html

When it comes to firearms, there are three key terms that are often thrown around: the automatic firearm, the semi-automatic firearm, and the fully automatic firearm. These terms can often be confused with each other, but they actually describe three different types of weapons, each of which have different laws governing their use, as well as different applications.

In this blog post, we will discuss the terms automatic, semi-automatic, and fully automatic, what they mean, and what the key differences are between them.

Semi Automatic Handgun

What is an automatic gun?

Fully automatic firearms are also known as machine guns. With fully automatic firearms, once you load a round into the chamber and you pull and hold the trigger, the gun will fire continuously until you let go of the trigger or run out of ammunition.

What is a semi-automatic gun?

With semi-automatic firearms, once you place a round in the firing chamber, that round will fire when you pull the trigger. It’s called semi-automatic because once the first round is fired, the next round will automatically enter the chamber, but it will not fire automatically.

Semi Automatic Handgun

What is the difference between a semi-automatic rifle and a fully automatic rifle?

When it comes to semi-automatic and fully automatic firearms, the difference between the two is in the continuous firing of the weapons.

A semi-automatic will automatically reload the chamber after the first round is fired, but it will not fire continuously. With each pull of the trigger, just one round is fired.

A fully automatic gun, or a machine gun, will fire continuously when the trigger is pulled, firing until either you let go of the trigger or run out of ammunition. With one pull of the trigger, multiple rounds are fired.

Machine Gun

FAQs

Is a pistol a semi-automatic gun?

Yes, semi-automatic describes the operation of a pistol, rifle, or shotgun because when the trigger is pulled, a single shot is fired and the next round is automatically loaded into the chamber.

Is a 9mm semi-automatic?

Yes, the 9mm is a semi-automatic pistol that fires one single shot when the trigger is pulled.

What makes a handgun semi-automatic?

A handgun will fire a single shot with each pull of the trigger, and the next round will be automatically loaded into the chamber. This is what classifies it as a semi-automatic weapon.

Which is better, a fully automatic or a semi-automatic gun?

When comparing the two, there are pros and cons of each. Some of that is due to the regulations placed on fully automatic weapons. Semi-automatic rifles may be easier to obtain.

Machine guns tend to be put to use for military purposes or for law enforcement, while semi-automatic rifles are an ideal choice for hunting, sport shooting, and self-defense.

What is the point of semi-automatic rifles?

Semi-automatic weapons are often used for sport shooting, hunting, and self-defense. They are usually less expensive and less regulated than fully automatic weapons, making them a great option for these purposes.

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semi-automatic_rifle

https://www.agirlandagun.org/semi-auto-vs-full-auto/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_gun

https://www.usconcealedcarry.com/resources/terminology/types-of-firearms

When it comes to hunting, it’s very important that you are aware of when hunting season begins and ends. Illegal hunting could get you into a lot of trouble, and it can also cause problems for the environment.

Typically, hunting seasons are in the spring and the fall, but the specific months vary greatly from state to state and even from animal to animal. Whether you are hunting for upland game birds or game animals, the season will be different.

With this blog post, we’ll discuss why it’s so crucial to know the hunting seasons. We’ll also review the local rules for some of the most popular hunting states, as well as the rules about different types of animals.

Hunter

Importance of Knowing Hunting Seasons

Hunting seasons are not just in place to show you the best time of year to hunt a specific animal. They are actually put in place as safeguards to protect the sport of hunting for the future. If it were not for hunting seasons, the population of some of the hunted animals would drastically wane. Governments put rules in place to ensure that these animals don’t disappear. They are put in place to protect our ecosystem.

The dates for hunting seasons are typically determined by the animal mating season. The off-season allow time for these animals to swing back from being hunted.

These seasons vary by state, so it’s crucial that you do some research to learn what the rules are in the state in which you plan to hunt.

Hunter

Hunting Seasons as Determined by State

Because hunting season is different for each state, it’s important to know the laws in the state you plan to hunt in. Hunting season is also different depending on the animal you are hunting. Below, you’ll find a list of popular hunting states. You can click on each state to find the 2022-2023 hunting season dates.

Hunting Seasons of Animals

Different animals, such as duck, deer, and wild turkeys, are hunted during different times of the year. These hunting seasons can also vary by state and local rules. Read on to learn a bit more about the hunting seasons for some of these animals.

When Is Deer Hunting Season?

Deer hunting season varies by state, so be sure to check out what the rules are in the state your plan to hunt in. Typically, this season starts in September and goes on until December. Keep in mind that even during hunting season there may be specific hunting hours that you’ll need to stay within.

There are also rules about which weapons can be used for hunting. For example, you may only be able to use archery tools or firearms during specific months.

In the United States, there are two main species of deer that can be hunted: the mule deer and the white tailed deer. Be sure that the type of deer you are hunting is legal in your state. Some states require special permits to hunt deer without antlers. You may also need to consider the gender, whether it is a male deer or a female deer.

When is Duck Hunting Season?

The dates for hunting ducks are decided each year by the Migratory Birds Conventions. The dates typically run from September to January. There are limits in place which protect the duck population. The longest duck hunting season in the country is typically in the Pacific Flyway. Be sure to learn your local rules and regulations before hunting ducks.

When is Turkey Hunting Season?

Turkey hunting season is usually during the fall or spring. In the spring, the hunting season is usually April through May, and fall seasons vary by state, starting anywhere from August to October and ending between November and February.

North America holds many different species of Wild Turkey, with the two major species being the North American Wild Turkey and the Ocellated Turkey of Central America. They live in more than one state, so be sure to check your local legislation when it comes to hunting turkeys.

Hunting with a gun

Spring Hunting Season

The spring hunting season presents challenges that are not presented when hunting in the fall. The warmer weather of the spring hunting season causes meat to spoil sooner if not preserved properly. Invest in a freezer chest for a smaller hunt, and consider a walk-in cooler if you will be hunting multiple animals.

Weapons for hunting

FAQs

Why can’t you hunt in the off-season?

Hunting seasons are established to ensure you have a successful hunt, as well as to protect the animal populations from disappearing altogether. It’s important to do your part to protect our ecosystem by only hunting during the official hunting season.

What is the first day of hunting called?

“Deer Day” is an unofficial holiday that falls on the first day of hunting season. Sometimes, school districts are closed on this day.

How do you have a successful hunting season?

To have a successful hunting season, ensure that you are well-prepared for your hunt and that you know the local rules in the state you plan to hunt in.

What season is best for hunting?

This varies by the type of animal, but the spring hunting season and the fall hunting season are typically the best times of year for hunting.

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deer_day

https://ebikegeneration.com/blogs/news/when-is-the-hunting-season-in-the-usa

https://www.storeitcold.com/why-are-there-almost-no-spring-hunting-seasons/amp/

If you are an avid hunter, you may be wondering: when is the best time to hunt for whitetail deer? Will you have more luck during the morning, midday, or in the evening hours? It is possible to track deer habits, such as when and where the deer feed, in order to ascertain the best time of day to hunt. There are general rules to follow when it comes to hunting times, but it is also possible to break those rules under certain conditions.

In this blog post, we’ll explore the pros and cons of hunting at different times of the day, from the morning to the twilight hours. We’ll talk about when and how deer move throughout the day. We’ll also talk about the feeding and sleeping habits of deer, which can help you determine when they will be most vulnerable to being hunted. With our comprehensive guide, you’ll be sure to catch that trophy buck in no time!

Deer

When’s the best time to go deer hunting?

During deer hunting season, the general rule when it comes to deer movement is that they move during the beginning and end of the day. These are usually the peak times for a deer hunt, during which you will be able to catch more deer.

However, it is possible to spot them during other times of the day. For instance, a rainfall that messes with a deer’s senses of smell and hearing might cause them to come out during the day. You may be able to hunt deer during this time.

Read on to learn more about hunting deer at the various times of the day and what that entails.

Morning vs Evening Hunts

Early in the morning and late in the evening are the two best hunting times, during which you will see a lot of deer movement. Each has its own benefits.

In the evening time, a deer will most likely be finding food after a day of slumber. At this time when they haven’t eaten yet, they are especially vulnerable to being hunted. The drawback of hunting in the evening is the fact that it is getting darker, not lighter, during this time of day, giving you a limited window of visibility.

In the morning, deer are getting ready for bed. When they see the sun, they rush into their beds, and are especially vulnerable during this time. As a bonus, the day is only going to get brighter, increasing your visibility. This is a great time to hunt deer.

Midday hunting

There are a few factors that can cause a deer to be out and about at midday. The first is during rain fall, which affects the deer’s senses. Another thing to keep an eye on is the moon phase. Deer are more likely to come out during the day during a full moon, and as the moon waxes their habits change. During the last quarter moon, they may move in the late afternoon. During a new moon, they might be out and about late in the morning.

Can you hunt at night?

While many hunters think that nighttime is the best time to hunt, this is illegal in all states. What’s more is that you are not allowed to use night vision goggles or artificial lighting that would be necessary for hunting at night.

Deer

Minor Weather Events

As mentioned before, weather events such as rain can affect a deer’s senses, causing them to be out at different times than usual.

Watching the weather is also very useful for determining when you will run into deer on a hunt. When warm weather comes after a cold night, they are more likely to get up early and seek out warm, sunny areas. If you know where a deer’s food source is in relation to their sleeping quarters, you can catch them on the way from bed to food.

The Sleeping Habits of Deer

When they sleep, deer cover themselves for protection from predators, such as hunters. They often have three to five different bed sites that they might use annually. They bed in places that keep them safe from winds. Bucks are known to wake up in the middle of the night and eat.

Food, Water, and Frequency

The eating habits of a deer can help hunters determine the best time to catch them. They eat around five times daily, and then the deer move around to different food sources. The best time to find deer, based on their feeding schedule, is one hour before dark. After this feeding, they will move into their bedding area. This is a great time to catch them off guard.

Deer are also known for having a bed near their water source, as they drink three to five quarts of water daily. When the weather is hot, look for small water sources that are close to deer bedding areas. This is a great way to track them down.

FAQs

What time do deer come out?

You’re most likely to spot deer moving during the early morning hours or the late evening hours. Certain factors, such as weather, can influence them to come out during the day. Knowing what causes a deer to make an appearance, where their beds are, and where their feeding areas are located can prove to be of great assistance to a deer hunter.

What is the earliest time you can shoot a deer?

It is illegal to hunt at night in all fifty states, so the earliest time to shoot a deer is when the sun first rises in the morning.

What is a deer’s daily routine?

Deer sleep during the day. They go to feed in the early morning hours and in the late evening hours. A great time to catch them off guard is when they are between the bed and their feeding. Knowing where a deer sleeps and feeds can prove useful to a hunter, and can help you determine the best time to catch that big buck.

How much water does a deer drink daily?

The average deer drinks three to five quarts of water daily.

Sources

https://targetcrazy.com/best-time-of-day-to-hunt-deer

https://www.onxmaps.com/hunt/blog/best-hunting-times

Hunting can be an exciting pastime, but it can also quickly become unsafe if you don’t follow the right safety procedures. Before you embark on your trip, there is some crucial planning that you should do in order to ensure the safety of everyone on the trip.

From familiarizing yourself with the hunting laws in your area, to wearing the right clothes, to having the right safety gear, we’ve put together a handy guide to help you prepare for your next hunting trip.

Gun

Hunting Laws and Regulations

Before you embark on a hunting trip, it’s important to familiarize yourself with hunting laws. There are both state and federal laws governing the pastime of hunting. These laws can vary by state, so be sure to look up the regulations that are local to where you plan to go hunting.

Here are some general rules to look out for when planning a hunting trip:

  • All hunters that are hunting on public lands must possess a valid state hunting license.
  • If you are hunting on public land, be sure to check whether you are allowed to hunt in that area, and if there are any rules specific to that land. You can check with your local public lands management office.
  • There are also laws prohibiting the hunting of certain endangered species. Be sure to find out what animals you are allowed to hunt on public land.
Hunting Safety

Hunting Safety Tips

Safety is important when it comes to a hunting trip. In order to remain safe, here are some tips that you should follow when going hunting:

  • An important hunting safety tip is to bring enough food and water for your trip. You’ll want to stay nourished and hydrated. If you don’t, you may find yourself tired and groggy on your trip. Be sure that everyone else that you are hunting with has enough food and water as well.
  • Always treat your firearm as if it were loaded. Don’t point your firearm at anything that you don’t want to shoot, and keep your finger away from the trigger until you are ready to fire.
  • Always wear orange. An orange safety vest ensures that you are visible to other hunters, and helps prevent you from being mistaken for a deer or other wildlife. You’ll also want to wear an orange hat. Do not wear white or tan during deer season.
  • Be familiar with the area you plan to hunt, and be sure to bring a compass with you, even if you are familiar with the woods. If you get injured, it may mess with your perception of where you are, especially if you find it hard to stay calm.
  • You should always let people know when you are hunting, where you are going, and when you plan to return. This will help in the event that you get injured or lost and are in need of rescue.
  • Be sure to check weather reports before going on a trip.
  • Be alert when you are hunting in developed areas. There may be other people around!
Hunting Knife

Essential Hunting Safety Gear

When hunting, it’s important that you go prepared with all of the proper gear and equipment. Here are some of the things you need to bring with you on a hunting trip:

  • Wear the right clothing for the season, whether you are hunting in spring, summer, fall, or winter. This includes a comfortable and moisture-wicking base layer as well as an orange safety vest and hat. In inclement weather, such as rain or extreme cold, be sure that you are dressed appropriately. You’ll also want to wear moisture-wicking hunting socks (avoid socks made from cotton) and sturdy boots. Be sure to bring a spare set of clothing in case the clothes you are wearing get wet or ruined.
  • Invest in a hunting knife. This is an essential piece of hunting equipment that every hunter should carry. You’ll use it for cleaning game, cutting rope, notching hunting tags, and more.
  • Every hunter should bring a compass, maps, or other form of navigation, such as a hunter’s GPS, to help you find your way, especially if something happens and you get lost.
  • A first aid kit is an important item to bring with you on a hunting trip. This should contain all the essentials in case you end up getting injured.
  • Carry a communication device, such as your phone, in case you need to reach someone in an emergency.
  • Have about 30-50 feet of paracord handy. Paracord is a rope multi-tool that can be used for multiple purposes. It can help you create a shelter, hang food from a tree, and much more.
  • A tree stand is a great piece of equipment to invest in for hunting. A tree stand is a platform that can be attached to a tree to elevate you and give you a better vantage point when you hunt.
  • If you are using a tree stand, you and other members of your hunting party may also want to invest in fall arrest system full body harnesses. A full body harness provides falling protection for when you are elevated on a tree stand. It can keep you from falling too far down the tree.
  • Other essentials that every hunter should carry include a deer drag (aka a suspension relief strap), game bags, toilet paper, a whistle, signal flares, and toilet paper.

Importance of Hunters Education

It’s important before you go hunting that you educate yourself. You’ll want to know the local hunting laws for where you plan to hunt. You’ll also want to know about your firearms – how to use and manage them safely. It’s also important to know how to navigate the woods and what safety equipment to bring, as well as how to use it.

Educate yourself before you go on a hunting trip to ensure that you are able to remain safe in any circumstance!

Coordinating with Others When Hunting

It’s also crucial that you coordinate with others going on your hunting trip with you. Make sure that everyone else knows the laws and safety procedures, as well as how to navigate the woods. Ensure that everyone is adequately prepared with the right equipment, food and water, and clothing.

Keeping Safe When Hunting in the Wilderness

If you follow these safety tips and bring all of the right equipment, you will stand a much better chance of being safe while hunting in the wilderness.

Deer

Sources

https://www.doi.gov/blog/everything-you-need-know-about-hunting-public-lands

https://foodvacbags.com/blogs/foodsaverblogs/hunting-101-being-safe-in-the-woods

https://www.onxmaps.com/hunt/blog/hunting-gear-essentials

https://www.hunter-ed.com/blog/essential-hunting-kit/

https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5330495.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree_stand

https://safety.army.mil/MEDIA/Risk-Management-Magazine/ArtMID/7428/ArticleID/6740/Hunting-Safety-Full-body-Harnesses

Deer hunting is great way to spend time outdoors, and it has become a popular activity for many. In order to maximize your deer hunting experience and remain safe while on your trip, it’s important to have the right preparation – and this includes having all of the right deer hunting gear!

What you wear and what you bring with you on your deer hunting trip can make or break the trip. Wearing the right clothes can keep you comfortable and safe and extend your ability to hunt for longer. The right deer hunting gear is important to ensure a successful and safe trip for you and your hunting buddies.

In this blog post, we’ll explore the essential deer hunting gear that you should bring with you on your trip, providing a comprehensive guide for both the seasoned hunter and the novice.

Choosing Deer Hunting Guns

When it comes to deer hunting, choosing the right gun for the job is essential! Let’s take a look at the top three choices for deer hunting guns and learn about each of them.

Slug Guns

Shotgun slugs are heavy projectiles that are fired from a shotgun and especially designed for hunting large game. A slug gun is a type of shotgun that is created especially for the purpose of firing slugs. Slug guns are a popular choice when it comes to hunting deer.

Deer Rifles

Deer rifles fall into several categories: the pump rifle, the lever action, and the bolt action. A bolt action rifle is a popular choice for deer hunting in more open territory, while the other two types are ideal for fast shooting in the woods.

Straight-Walled Cartridge Rifles

A straight-walled cartridge is a type of ammunition that does not have a taper on the case. The cartridges have the same diameter across the entire case. A straight-walled cartridge rifle is a firearm that shoots these type of cartridges.

Certain states only permit this gun to be used for hunting game animals (such as deer or elk hunting) during the annual deer season. Be sure to check out your local state laws before investing in this type of weapon for deer hunting.

Deer hunting

Clothing for Deer Hunting

Your clothing for deer hunting should include solid base layers, middle layers, and outer layers. Proper clothing will keep you comfortable while hunting and keep you safe from the elements. Read on to learn more about each important layer!

Base Layer

Your base layer should include long underwear on both the top and bottom, a moisture-wicking liner sock, and a heavy wool sock. Avoid wearing cotton socks when hunting. The right socks will keep you comfortable and allow you to hunt for longer.

Middle Layer

Your middle layer should include a wool shirt and pants, a fleece vest, and a belt and suspenders to keep everything in place.

Outer Layer

Your outer layer should include a warm jacket, a blaze vest, a hat, and a neck gaiter.

Rain Gear for Hunting

Quality rain gear for hunting will protect you from hypothermia. It keeps your body dry and also allows your body to release moisture through the right ventilation. Look for a rain jacket and other gear to help you stay dry.

Whitetail Hunting Boots

The right hunting boots are an important part of your deer hunting ensemble! Look for boots that are sturdy and that will keep your feet dry. You can try a heavy pac-style boot, such as LaCrosse Ice King, Hip Boots, or Insulated Danner’s.

Deer hunting

Other Essential Whitetail Deer Hunting Gear & Whitetail Hunting Accessories

Having the right whitetail deer hunting gear ensures that you have a safe and successful trip! Read on to learn more about the essential hunting gear that you should bring with you in your hunting pack.

License: It’s important that you have a license to hunt where you plan to go deer hunting. Keep this license with you when you hunt, just in case you need to present it.

Hand & Foot Warmers: If you are deer hunting in cold weather, hand and foot warmers can be a lifesaver! Be sure to bring them just in case they come in handy.

Trail Markers: To help you navigate the woods, be sure to bring trail markers with you.

Gutting Gloves: Carry a pair of rubber gloves with you. You will need to wear them when you are field dressing a deer.

First Aid Kit: You’ll always want to keep a first aid kit on hand in case of an emergency.

Trash Bags: Bring some large trash bags with you. You can cut these open to put game meat on while you process your deer. They can also be used to keep gear and clothing dry.

Paracord: Bring 30-50 feet of paracord with you for your trip. It can be used for a wide variety of purposes, including hanging food from a tree or building a shelter.

Water Bottle: Staying hydrated is absolutely crucial! This will enable you to feel more energized and hunt for longer. Make sure your water bottle is big enough to sustain you for the amount of time you plan to spend deer hunting.

Hunting Knife: Consider a fixed blade, a folding knife, or a multi-tool knife. Each type of knife has its own unique benefits for hunting. Fixed blade knives are unbreakable, easy to maintain, and will have a larger blade. Folding knives are easy to pack, lightweight, and come in multiple blade types. Multi-tool knives are versatile and can provide other important tools, such as a screwdriver, saw, and scissors.

Deer hunting

Essential Navigation for Hunting

The proper navigation tools will allow you to trek through the woods without getting lost. There are thousands of people who get lost in the woods annually, so it’s important to be prepared in this regard!

A traditional map and compass can be helpful if you know how to use them, but most people opt for hunting GPS units. These GPS units can make navigating the woods so much easier!

Another option is to use a smart phone app to navigate. Try onX Hunt App. This app offers offline maps, which allow you to navigate even when you don’t have cell phone service.

FAQs

Can I wear jeans for whitetail deer hunting?

No, you should not wear jeans for deer hunting. It is best to wear pants made of wool, which will keep you warm and dry for the hunt.

What essential hunting gear do you need for deer hunting?

Be sure to bring all of the essential hunting gear that you need for a successful trip! You will need to bring your license, hand and foot warmers, trail markers, gutting gloves, a first aid kit, trash bags, paracord, a water bottle, and a hunting knife. Obviously, you will also need to bring your gun and ammunition and wear the right clothing to protect you during your hunting trip.

What colors can deer see best?

Deer can see blue and green, but they are less sensitive to red and orange. Red and orange are great colors to wear while hunting, as they will help you stay hidden from whitetail deer and will make you more visible to fellow hunters.

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shotgun_slug

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slug_barrel

https://www.opticsplanet.com/howto/what-are-straight-wall-rifle-cartridges.html

https://hunttested.com/the-ultimate-whitetail-deer-hunting-gear-list/

https://www.onxmaps.com/hunt/blog/hunting-gear-essentials

https://www.nhcf.org/what-were-up-to/what-colors-can-deer-see/

Did you know that handguns are among the most popular types of firearms in the United States? Of the 193 million guns in the country, 38% are handguns (source). Contributing to their immense popularity is the fact that they can be operated and carried with just one hand, making them easier to use than other firearms.

You may own a handgun – or you may be considering purchasing one. This handy guide to handguns will familiarize you with the five basic types of handguns, as well as provide you with an important background on this type of weapon.

Handguns

A Brief History of Handguns

A handgun is a short-barreled gun that can be held and operated using just one hand. Its ease of use makes it a popular choice when it comes to firearms. While the earliest examples of firearms date back to 10th century China, the first device invented for a hand-held firearm was a matchlock. The matchlock held a slow-burning match in a clamp that would drop down to ignite the gunpowder when the trigger was pulled.

The invention of the wheel lock was also a big advancement toward handguns. A wheel lock created a mechanical spark which would propel the bullet, rather than a burning wick.

The first mass-produced handgun was the Colt revolver. This showed up in the 1830s. This more affordable version of a handgun made them easily accessible to the masses.

Handgun

Action Types for a Handgun

Handguns have many different types of action. The action type is defined by what the internal parts of the gun do before they ignite the bullet. You may have heard of single-action and double-action handguns, but there are also such things as a hammer-fire pistol versus a striker-fired pistol. Read on for some important terms to help you understand the different types of action.

Firing pin: The part of the gun that hits the bullet, which is powered by spring tension. This is also known as a spring-loaded striker.

Single-action handguns: Single-action guns must be cocked before they can shoot. This is because the trigger only performs a single action – releasing the hammer.

Double-action handguns: Double-action handguns perform two actions: they cock and release the hammer. With each trigger pull, the force of that action also compresses the spring, which make the gun ready to fire.

Hammer-fired pistols: When the trigger of a hammer-fired pistol is pulled, the pin is tripped and the primer is detonated.

Striker-fired guns: Rather than using a hammer, striker-fired guns use a firing pin with an additional part on the end, which is known as a striker. With each trigger pull, the pin is tripped and detonates the primer. Striker-fired pistols are the most common type manufactured today.

Handgun and target

Five Types of Handguns

When it comes to handguns, there is quite a variety of different types of handguns. This includes guns such as the single shot pistol, the revolver, the semi-automatic pistol, and more. Here are the five basic types of handguns, as well as an explanation of what makes each type unique.

Single Shot Pistols

Single shot pistols are considered the most basic type of handgun. Single shot pistols discharge one round of ammunition and are reloaded manually. They are easy to conceal, hence their nickname, “pocket pistols.”

Multi-barreled Pistols

Multi-barreled pistols allow the gun operator to be able to fire multiple shots without having to reload their weapon.

Revolvers

Introduced in the 19th century, revolvers utilize a rotating cartridge-filled cylinder that contains between five and eight rounds. The cylinder rotates when the trigger is pulled, loading a fresh round into the chamber. Compared to other handguns, revolvers are more accurate and powerful.

Semi-automatic Handguns

Semi-automatic handguns (also known as semi-automatic pistols) utilize the energy produced by the discharge to reload the chamber automatically for the next shot. The semi-auto pistol is often used by United States infantrymen as a sidearm.

Automatic Handguns

Automatic handguns (also known as machine pistols) produce rapid and consecutive fire with just one press of the trigger. The machine pistol is actually a rare type of handgun, and they can be hard to control due to how lightweight they are.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Handguns

When selecting a handgun for yourself, you’ll want to consider a variety of important factors. This includes accuracy, reliability, durability, ergonomics, safety, concealability, as well as many other important factors. Whether you are using your gun for self-defense or for some other purpose, such as a firing range, will also determine what type of gun is best for you.

To help you determine the best handgun to purchase, here’s a checklist for choosing your handgun that can help aid you in your decision.

FAQs

What is the most common type of handgun?

Striker-fired pistols are among the most common type of gun manufactured today.

What is the difference between a pistol and a revolver?

A pistol feeds bullets into the chamber of the barrel through a magazine, which is a spring-loaded box that pushes the bullets up. A revolver has a cylinder attached to it, which rotates new bullets into place when the hammer is cocked or the trigger is pulled.

Sources

https://gun.laws.com/handguns/types-of-handguns

https://gundigest.com/handguns/ccw-101-all-major-types-of-pistol

https://thehubaz.com/blog/the-history-of-handguns/

https://exclusive.multibriefs.com/content/a-simple-checklist-for-choosing-your-handgun/recreation-leisure

Trap shooting is a thrilling and challenging sport that takes focus, precision, and practice to master. It involves clay targets being projected into the air, and the players must take aim and shoot at the pigeons with their firearms.

What differentiates trap shooting from other sports, such as skeet or clay shooting? How does one become an expert at trap shooting? Whether you are a novice or an experienced shooter, this blog aims help you better understand the sport and to give you trap shooting tips to help you improve your trap shooting game.

Trap Shooting

What is the Difference Between Skeet Shooting, Trap Shooting, and Sporting Clays?

Trap shooting and skeet shooting are two different events, but they are commonly confused with one another. Just what is the difference between trap and skeet?

Skeet Shooting

Skeet involves the shooting of clay targets that are launched between two posts. There are eight stations in the field where the sport is set up, and each station is numbered. Shooters move around a semi-circle shaped field between the stations. There are two machines which release clay targets: the low house, which releases targets from three feet off the ground, and the high house, which releases targets from ten feet off the ground. Each shooter aims at one clay target from each house per station.

Trap Shooting

In this event, the trap shooters stand in a line and aim at targets which are released from a shooting station called the trap house that is partly underground. There are five stations total, and each trap shooter will change positions to fire at the target from each station. There are three different types of events in trap: singles, doubles, and handicap. In singles, one clay target is released from each trap house. In doubles, two birds are released from the trap house at the same time. In handicap, one clay target is released at a variety of different distances.

Sporting Clays

Another type of clay shooting is sporting clays. This particular game mimics a real-life hunting experience. The players move through a scenic and varied course. Stations in the course can include trap- and skeet-style targets, or something else entirely. Overall, this sport offers a more interesting and dynamic experience than skeet and trap.

Trap Shooting

Easy to Learn Trap Shooting Techniques

When trap shooting, there are special techniques that will help you become a more advanced trap shooter. Follow these trap shooting tips to improve your game!

Stance and Footwork

Your stance and footwork matter greatly when it comes to trap shooting. The goal of having the right position is to create one solid swinging motion toward the target. There are five positions and several foot placements within each position.

Be sure to have your feet shoulder width apart and point your toes in the same direction. Position your body in the direction that your target will be traveling. Ensure that your hips and shoulders are aligned and are facing the house or the target flight path. Your shoulders should turn with your hips, not against them.

Sight Alignment

It’s important to identify the window where the bunker sends out the shots. In general, the clay targets will fly into 2×3 foot windows about 15 yards out and three yards above the roof of the trap house. You’ll also want to use your gun to track the trap. Keeping your eyes on the trap target is key. It might help to imagine that the target is attached to the house with a string. This will help you track the path of the target.

Trap Shooter

The Right Trap Guns for Trap Shooting

When it comes to trap shooting, choosing the right weapon is essential. Here are some of the top choices for trap shooting guns.

Beretta 686 Silver Pigeon I Sporting Shotgun: This option is capable of shooting clays as well as actual birds, and is a budget-friendly option.

Browning Citori 725 Pro Sporting Shotgun: Many competitive shooters opt for this weapon, which is known for being incredibly durable.

Winchester Model 101 Deluxe Field Shotgun: This weapon is known for being incredibly reliable, and can easily transition from field to shooting range.

Remington 870 Express Trap: This durable 12-gauge weapon is a classic choice for trap shooters.

Benelli Sport II: This well-balanced weapon features strong and fast action.

CZ – USA All-American Single Trap: This reliable weapon requires minimal maintenance.

Common Trap Shooting Mistakes for Beginners

Beginning trap shooters often make mistakes when it comes to shooting! Here are some of the most common mistakes that novice shooters make.

Not Learning to Self-correct: After a miss, it’s important to correct your stance and try again. Don’t just keep trying the same stance and strategy if it isn’t working. Set your eyes on the target and watch your stance.

Checking the Lead: When the shooter checks the lead, they are looking at the spot between the target and the barrel. This places the target and barrel in your peripheral vision, and everything you see will be about 3 milliseconds behind real time.

Being Afraid: Many shooters will become concerned about how they look to others in the competition. This can switch your focus from trying to hit the target to simply trying not to miss. Ignore the people watching you and keep your focus on the game!

Ignoring Nutrition: Be sure to remain nourished and hydrated when competing in trap shooting. This has a huge impact on your performance!

Wasting Your Focus: Many novice shooters will fall into the bad habit of watching everyone else’s targets during their course. You only have a limited amount of sharp focus, and you should use it to focus on your own game!

FAQs

How do I know if I’m using the correct trap shooting stance?

Your feet should be shoulder width apart, and your toes should be pointed in the same direction. Position your body in the direction that your target will be traveling. Check that your hips and shoulders are aligned and are facing the house or the target flight path. Your shoulders should turn with your hips, not against them.

How can I improve my accuracy and consistency in shooting traps?

You can improve your trap shooting game by practicing regularly. Practice proper stance, shooting technique, and focus.

Can a coach or mentor help me develop my trap shooting technique?

A coach or mentor can certainly help you develop your technique! Consider taking shooting lessons so that you can learn from a pro.

Sources

http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/difference-between-skeet-and-trap/

https://www.pelican.com/us/en/discover/pelican-flyer/post/oh–shoot–5-trap-shooting-tips-to-know/
https://www.pewpewtactical.com/best-skeet-trap-clay-shotguns/
https://www.claytargetnation-digital.com/articles/5-major-shooting-mistakes

Long guns have been around for centuries, and to this day they are still important when it comes to activities such as hunting, sporting, and self-defense. Since their inception, long guns have undergone a transformation, becoming even more versatile and advanced as the years go by.

If you are unfamiliar with long guns, the vast options that are available could make selecting a long gun seem like a daunting task. In this post, we will explore long guns in depth, learning about the basics of long guns, the different types that are available, as well as what they are useful for.

Hunter

What’s Considered a Long Gun?

A long gun is a type of firearm that has a long barrel. Unlike a handgun, which can be held and operated with one hand, long guns are meant to be held with both hands and steadied by the shoulder. The length of the barrel of a long gun is subject to various gun laws that are in place. As an example, the National Firearms Act in the United State states that there is a minimum length of 16 inches for rifle barrels and 18 inches for shotgun barrels.

Long guns have shoulder stocks that provide structural support to the weapon. A gunstock is the back portion or butt of the gun, which in a long gun is often braced against the shooter’s shoulder. Modern gunstocks can have a variety of features. They are made from a variety of materials, and there are detachable or folding stocks. There are also one-piece and two-piece stocks. A one-piece stock features a butt and a fore-end that are one continuous piece, which is commonly found on bolt action rifles. Two-piece stocks use separate pieces for the butt and fore-end, and are commonly found on break-action and lever-action firearms.

Types of Long Guns

The two main types of long guns are rifles and shotguns. Rifles and shotguns have several key differences between them that distinguish them from each other.A third type of long gun is a carbine.

Rifles: A rifle is a type of long gun that has a rifled bore and shoots single projectiles. The word “rifling” is descriptive of spiraled grooves which are cut into the bore of the barrel of the rifle. Rifling causes the ammunition in the gun to spin when fired, which increases the accuracy of the bullet’s path.

Shotguns: Shotguns are a type of long gun that fire multiple pellets that spread out when they leave the barrel of the gun. One gun can shoot various sizes of projectiles. The three main types of shotguns include break-action, pump-action, and semi-automatic.

Carbines: A carbine is a long gun where the barrel has been shortened from its original length. Modern carbines are often rifles that are more compact than a standard rifle. Submachine guns are an example of an automatic carbine firearm.

How to Choose the Best Long Gun for You

When selecting a long gun, you’ll want to consider its use. Are you hunting, using the weapon for self-defense, or are firearms a hobby? Read on to learn more about selecting the best long gun for your purposes!

Hunting

Shotguns and rifles are both popular choices for hunting. Shotguns are better for shooting quick-moving targets, such as quail and rabbits. They are also great for shooting at physically large animals like black or grizzly bears. They are very useful when it comes to hunting at a shorter range, while rifles tend to fair better against long range targets due to their accuracy. Animals such as deer, moose, and other large animals require a more precise shot, and a rifle is perfect for proving that.

Self-Defense

Generally, people select handguns when their intended purpose is self-defense, but that doesn’t mean you can’t possibly use a long gun for that purpose as well. If you choose to use a rifle for self-defense, the best choice would be a semi-automatic or lever action rifle. Avoid using a bolt action rifle. However, keep in mind that rifles tend to work best when you can pick your shots carefully, which you may not be able to do in a home invasion. A shotgun might work better as the bullets will be more spread out and require less precision. Another thing to keep in mind: rifle rounds can travel through the house and land on targets you did not intend. For this reason, shotguns are preferred over rifles for home defense.

Long Guns as a Hobby

If you are simply purchasing your long guns for hobby purposes, you can really choose whatever type of gun you prefer. Consider the fact that rifles come in a wider variety of types, offering a more diverse selection to choose from than shotguns. This might make them more exciting for hobbyists and collectors.

Long Gun Calibers and Ammunition

When using a long gun, it’s important to use the right ammunition. Not all long guns use the same ammunition, and different ammunition is used for different purposes. Consult your manufacturer’s manual to learn more about your specific firearm, and remember to keep your purpose in mind.

Long Gun Safety

As with all firearms, there are certain safety rules that one should follow when using a long gun. Here are some safety tips to keep in mind:

  • Long guns should be unloaded when not in use.
  • Don’t point your long gun at anything you wouldn’t want to shoot.
  • Even if the safety is on, treat the long gun as though it can fire at any time.
  • Always wear eye and ear protection when shooting.
  • Service your long guns regularly.

Maintaining Your Long Gun

It’s important to know how to maintain your long gun. For a comprehensive guide, check out our tips for cleaning a gun. It’s important that you clean your gun according to factory instructions and best practices on a regular basis. You’ll want to clean it after target practice and range time and after hunting. If your gun is rarely used, you’ll still want to clean it about 2-4 times annually to remove dust and other residue.

FAQs

What is the difference between rifles and shotguns?

Shotguns and rifles are both types of long guns, but they have several key differences. A rifle fires a single projectile of a specific size, while a shotgun fires multiple pellets of varying sizes that spread out when they are shot from the gun.

How can I ensure that my long gun is functioning properly?

It’s important to take good care of your gun. You can do this by having it cleaned and serviced regularly – read your manufacturer instructions to learn how to best care for your particular firearm.

How should I store my long gun when it’s not in use?

As with all guns, your gun should be stored safely and securely when not in use. A gun safe with a lock is a great option.

Sources

https://military-history.fandom.com/wiki/Long_gun

https://firsttimegunbuyer.com/firearm-types/long-guns/rifle.php

https://firsttimegunbuyer.com/firearm-types/long-guns/shotgun.php

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbine

https://blog.talongungrips.com/talon/hard-decisions-choosing-your-first-long-gun-by-jay-chambers/

https://www.nssf.org/safety/rules-firearms-safety/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stock_(firearms)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submachine_gun

What is a rifle cartridge? A cartridge – also known as a round – is a pre-assembled firearm ammunition packaging that contains a projectile (or bullet), a propellent substance, and an ignition device. Cartridges are designed to fit within the barrel chamber of the firearm. People often confuse the cartridge with being the bullet, but the bullet is actually contained within the cartridge.

There are many different types of cartridges available, and certain types are best used for specific purposes. Read on for a comprehensive guide to help you select the best cartridge to meet your needs.

Hunter Loading Gun

Identifying your needs and your purpose

Before you determine which cartridges best suit your needs, you’ll need to consider your purpose. Will you be using them for hunting, for target shooting or for self-defense? The best cartridge depends largely on what you will be using it for.

Ammunition

Key components of rifle cartridges

What components make up a cartridge? Read on to learn about the four main components: the case, the projectile, the propellant, and the primer.

Case

The case is the main component of a cartridge. It gives a cartridge its shape and also serves to house the other components. It is a container for propellant powders as well as a protective shell. The case attaches the projectile to either the front end of the cartridge or the inside, and it holds the primer in the back end.

Projectile

The projectile component of the cartridge is also known as the bullet. This part is responsible for impacting the target and creating damage.

Propellant

The propellent is the material that fuels the projection of the firearm. It drives the projectile through the barrel and out of the gun.

Primer

The primer has a mix of substances that have three functions. There is an initiator, or an explosive that starts the process when the firing pin hits the primer. There is a sensitizer, which assists in the ignition process. And finally, there is a fuel which creates the flame and allows for enough time to light the powder.

Ammunition

Types of Bullet Tips and Their Suitability

The tip of a bullet has a huge impact on its flight characteristics, as well as the way it hits an animal. Here are some of the different kinds of bullet tips, as well as what they are suitable for.

Full Metal Jacket

This type of bullet tip does not have a separate tip. Rather, its jacket tapers from the bearing surface to the tip. The end fully encases the core of the bullet. Generally, full metal jackets have a pointy tip. They are not designed to deform when they impact.

Round Nose

This type of bullet is not incredibly aerodynamic. Still, they are popular because lever-action rifles that feed from a tubular magazine require them for the purposes of safety. The tip of this bullet is a part of the bullet’s core, and it is exposed past the end of the jacket. Because of the round design, it helps bullets that impact at low speeds deform.

Flat Point

Flat-point bullets have a large tip, and they are frequently loaded for cartridges that are compatible with lever-action rifles. The wide tip enables the bullet to deform at lower speeds. It also helps them create more tissue damage during penetration.

Spire Point

The core of this bullet extends past the end of the jacket. The exposed core tapers to a sharp point. This used to be the most common type of hunting bullet.

Hollow Point

This type of bullet is associated with dynamic deformation and limited penetration. This type of bullet works wells for varmints. Sometimes the hollow point is capped with a separate polymer tip.

Polymer Tip

Some bullets have a polymer (or plastic) tip, which helps to increase the bullet’s flight characteristics. A polymer tip can help bullets deform at lower speeds.

Aluminum or Bronze Tip

A light aluminum or bronze tip can help change the bullet’s center of gravity and also reduce drag variability. This was intended for hunting and target shooting.

Flex Tip

Bullets with a soft point tip allows the bullets to flyer flatter, and they can also be loaded into tubular magazines.

Heat-Resistant Tip

A heat resistant tip just does what the name implies – it allows the bullet to resist heat during its flight.

Ammunition

Choosing the cartridge caliber

The best cartridge caliber depends on what you plan to use it for. Some calibers are a better choice for beginners, while others are great for hunting. Read on to learn about the best calibers to select for different purposes.

Best for Hunting: The .308 Winchester

This caliber features a moderate recoil as well as a great selection of bullets. It also has a less forgiving trajectory, and it is susceptible to the wind. It can be put into action quickly in a hunting situation.

Best for Big Game: The .300 Winchester Magnum

This caliber is hard-hitting and very accurate, making it a great choice for hunting big game. The only negative is the heavy recoil.

Best for Mule Deer: the 6.5 PRC

This caliber can kill at a long range and is highly accurate. There is only a moderate recoil and a great bullet selection.

Best for Beginners: The 6.5 Creedmoor

The 6.5 Creedmoor is made for high-volume shooting. It is accurate, easy to shoot, offers great bullet selection, and there are lots of options for factory ammo. All of these characteristics make it ideal for the beginner.

Best for Precision Shooting Matches: The 6mm Dasher

The 6mm Dasher is a caliber with excellent accuracy and consistency. It is easy to reload and doesn’t have a bad recoil, making it great for precision shooting matches.

Most Accurate: The .30 Stewart

The .30 Stewart is the most accurate caliber of them all!

Factors to consider

When choosing a caliber, there are many important factors to consider. These include the level of recoil, the noise produced, and the cost of the caliber. Be sure to do your research to determine which caliber is the best option for your intended use!

Bullets

What are the most popular hunting cartridges?

What are the best cartridges for hunting? Here, we’ve shared some of the top options for long-range hunting.

6.5 Creedmoor

The high-BC bullets and low recoil make this an ideal weapon for hunting.

6.5 PRC

The 6.5 PRC is popular for hunting due to its fast factory twist rate.

.270 Winchester

The .270 Winchester is known for its 97-year-old cartridge. It is more powerful than a Creedmoor and only has about 20% more recoil.

.280 Ackley Improved

That 2.80 Ackley Improved is known for its ability to stop animal at distances greater than 500 yards. Ammo for this cartridge is somewhat difficult to find.

7mm Remington Magnum

This cartridge can shoot heavy bullets, but keep in mind that this leads to significant recoil.

.300 Winchester Magnum

The .300 Winchester Magnum has a lot of recoil, but it’s a very powerful cartridge. It travels fast and hits hard.

What is the best long-range cartridge?

What are the best long-range hunting cartridges for you to use? Here, we’ve shared the top five options.

6.5 Creedmoor

The 6.5 Creedmoor has more acceleration and energy downrange and less recoil than any other factory-made cartridge. This cartridge is set to become the most popular one in the world.

6.5 PRC

The 6.5 PRC is a better version of a .264 Winchester Magnum, which was popular with shooters looking to increase their reach, but was also known for burning out barrels.

26 Nosler

The 26 Nosler shoots flat and has great acceleration. It is a bit rough on barrels, but it makes up for that with its flat shooting.

.280 Ackley Improved

The .280 Ackley Improved has great long-range velocity out to 1,400 yards, and is a well-known cult favorite.

7mm Remington Magnum

This cartridge is popular with hunters who are looking to extend their range, and it remains supersonic out to 1,400 yards. It’s a great option for cross-canyon hunting.

More Top Cartridges

Check out this article for a more in depth look at the best long-range cartridges.

Best all around big game cartridges

What is the best cartridge to use for big game animal hunting? Here are some popular options!

7mm Remington Magnum

The 7mm Remington Magnum is among the most popular big game cartridges.

28 Nosler

The 28 Nosler is a proven option. It has a refined design and is very consistent and accurate.

.300 Winchester Magnum

This might be the best worldwide big game cartridge available. However, you will pay for that with the recoil and the price tag.

.25-06 Remington

The .25-06 Remington provides great velocity with less recoil, making it an excellent choice for big game.

.280 Ackley Improved

If you want good performance with a standard-sized cartridge, the .280 Ackley Improved is a great option. It has a less recoil.

.338 Winchester Magnum

The .338 Winchester Magnum is powerful enough to kill a large bear.

.270 Winchester

The .270 Winchester has what it takes to make a clean kill. It’s a great choice for big game!

.03-06 Springfield

This cartridge is capable of shooting game within 200 yards, which is the distance at which most big game in America is shot. This is considered America’s most popular hunting cartridge.

6.5 Creedmoor

The 6.5 Creedmoor offers good performance with a low recoil. It’s a very accurate cartridge.

FAQs

What cartridge is the most accurate?

The .30 Stewart is the most accurate cartridge caliber.

Which cartridges are the most effective long range hunting cartridges?

Among the best cartridges for long range hunting are the 6.5 Creedmoor, 6.5 PRC, 26 Nosler, .280 Ackley Improved, and 7mm Remington Magnum.

What’s the best all-around hunting caliber?

The best caliber for hunting is the .308 Winchester, which features a moderate recoil as well as great bullet selection.

Sources

https://www.ojp.gov/ncjrs/virtual-library/abstracts/primer-composition-and-gunshot-residue

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartridge_(firearms)

https://www.gameandfishmag.com/editorial/hunting-bullet-tips-vary-choose-wisely/465474

https://www.outdoorlife.com/gear/best-long-range-calibers/

https://www.fieldandstream.com/10-best-long-range-hunting-cartridges/?amp

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartridge_(firearms)

https://www.themeateater.com/hunt/firearm-hunting/best-long-range-hunting-cartridges

https://www.petersenshunting.com/editorial/americas-top-10-big-game-cartridges/272339